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Publications

PbS produces regular publications, including issue briefs and research reports, with the goal to expand and enhance use of PbS data to better inform the field, national discussions and the public.

Research Brief: Family visitation, behavioral incidents, and staff safety: What changed in the COVID-19 era?

This brief looks at family visitation, staff safety, and behavioral incidents before (April 2019) and after (April 2021) the start of the pandemic. There are two aims: 1) to assess if facility-level family visits, staff perceptions of safety, and behavioral incidents post-pandemic significantly differ from pre-pandemic expected levels, and 2) to assess the relationship between family visits and behavioral incidents as well as the relationship between behavioral incidents and staff safety.

Read more about:  Publications, Research, Family Engagement

Data Snapshot: What Young People Say Matters

Contributing to the national vision of reentry success, PbS analyzed the survey responses of more than 1,100 young people exiting secure facilities, community residential programs and community supervision between November 2021 and April 2022. This snapshot shares the perceptions of young people regarding their preparedness and readiness for reentry.

Read more about:  Publications, Reentry

Data Snapshot: What We Know about Length of Stay in Secure Facilities

To add to nationwide efforts to reduce confinement, PbS looked at more than 2,000 records of young people exiting secure correction and detention facilities between November 2021 and April 2022. In this PbS Data Snapshot, we share Youth Record data to describe the characteristics of young people and committing offenses according to length of stay.

Read more about:  Publications, Issue Briefs

Strategies for Staff Recruitment and Retention

More than 70 juvenile justice professionals from across the country gathered for a session at the 2022 PbS Agency Coordinators Training and described their challenges like the strain of having too few staff and employee burnout. They talked about the demanding jobs, inadequate pay, lack of respect, and difficulties recruiting and retaining individuals who want to help young people. They share their strategies and welcome additional creative and innovative solutions to the current staff shortages.

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Research Brief: Perceptions of Educational Reentry Preparedness among Detained and Committed Youth

Performance-based Standards (PbS) invites academics, researchers and students to access our comprehensive database to help us better understand the practices in juvenile facilities that result in positive outcomes. Research team, Kaylee Noorman, MS and Julie Brancale, PhD of Florida State University, College of Criminology and Criminal Justice, evaluated educational reentry preparedness among youth being released from a residential program or facility using PbS Youth Reentry Survey data between October 2019 to April 2022.

Read more about:  Publications, Reentry

Data Snapshot - Perspectives on Reentry During the Pandemic

PbS looked at more than 6,000 surveys between April 2020 and October 2021 to understand the impact of COVID-19 on young people leaving residential care and rejoining communities. In this PbS Data Snapshot, we share Youth Reentry Survey responses to some of the questions and issues posed by the pandemic.

Read more about:  Reentry, Publications, COVID-19, Reentry

Data Snapshot: Responding to the Pandemic - Testing Prevalence and Outcomes in 2021

The pandemic caused by the COVID-19 virus and its variants continues to dominate public discussions and exacerbate already difficult situations in neighborhoods, schools, places of work and of worship and in homes and institutions. Because of the nature of the virus and the reality of asymptomatic infections, it is impossible to know the exact number of positive cases that occur within these various contexts. Widespread testing, however, has proven to be the most useful tool for shedding light on the prevalence of the virus and the effectiveness of interventions.

Data Snapshot - Use of Restraints and Staff-Youth Relationships

There were some positive changes during the pandemic that we want to learn more about: There were fewer uses of restraints in facilities and more youths reported positively about their relationships with the staff.

Data Snapshot - Responding to the Pandemic: Fewer Youths in Custody

In April 2021, the average daily population in detention centers and correction facilities continued to decline slightly and remained below pre-pandemic numbers. Policy changes to admission, transfers and releasing youths may have contributed to fewer youths in custody.

Read more about:  Publications, Issue Briefs, COVID-19

Data Snapshot - COVID-19 Prevention and Protection Strategies

During the month of April 2021, 90% or more of PbS participating facilities were implementing the majority of recommended pandemic responses. Agencies created strategies to reduce the impact, presence and spread of COVID-19. 

Read more about:  Publications, Issue Briefs, COVID-19

Publications

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Research Opportunities

PbS invites academics, researchers and students to access our comprehensive database to help us better understand the practices in juvenile facilities that result in positive outcomes.