Skip to the content

Publications

The Impact of Family Involvement on Youths’ Success

Research by Caitlin Cavanagh on the impact of family on youths' educational success and reentry preparedness.

First Step to Integrate Trauma-Informed Care

Updated Dec. 3, 2014. PbS and its partners launched an initiative to integrate trauma-informed care into PbS for all participants. This issue brief explains the initiative and presents the results of the first step completed in April 2014: asking youths about their experiences and perceptions of being treated using trauma-informed practices.

Staff Perceptions

This issue brief explores the importance of staff perceptions and staff-youth relationships; staff provide another critical level of understanding to what makes a facility successful at rehabilitating youths.

Family-Youth Initiative

This research brief focuses on the importance of family engagement in youths’ experience in the facility and their reintegration into society. The report introduces the Family-youth Initiative, a collaboration between PbS and the Family Justice Program of the Vera Institute of Justice, and discusses survey results from family members and social supports as well as youth and sta ...

What Youths Say Matters

Research has shown that when youths have a generally positive experience in a facility, they are more likely to return to the community and not return to crime. This reports shows the information and outcomes PbS provides about youths' experiences in facilities and the practices and perceptions that can be addressed to improve youths' experiences and impact recidivism.

Mapping Performance-based Standards and Civil Rights Investigations

This research brief summarizes an analysis of the Performance-based Standards (PbS) standards, expected practices and outcome measures to the criteria used in Department of Justice CRIPA investigations over a 10-year period and concludes PbS is an effective program to prevent dangerous incidents that can lead to civil rights violations and investigations.

Data Primer

This brief article speaks to the integrity of PbS data and how PbS addresses data quality through training, technology and verification. The document also explains some of the PbS methodology in collecting statistical samples to derive at report averages and rates.

Reducing Isolation and Room Confinement

A report showing participating PbS facilities have worked to cut in half the time youths are isolated and confined to their rooms. Research has shown the practice to be dangerous, ineffective in managing youths' behavior and increases youths' risk for suicide.

Research Report: PbS Data for Correction and Detention Facilities, 2004-2010

The following report summarizes research conducted on behalf of the PbS Learning Institute on the conditions of confinement for juvenile detention facilities, correctional facilities, and assessment centers across the U.S. Using data from facilities that have participated in the Performance-based Standards for Youth Correction and Detention Facilities (PbS) project since 2004, we use statistical analyses to examine how characteristics of facilities and individuals within them relate to a series of safety, order, and security outcome measures, as well as to the likelihood that youth are victimized while incarcerated and to the likelihood of suicide attempts within facilities. Our data come from a variety of sources, each of which is part of the PbS data collection initiative, including: detailed information about every unusual incident that occurred during that month; information from the records of juveniles released during those periods; and surveys of current residents (youth climate surveys), staff (staff climate surveys) and residents released since the last data collection (youth exit interviews).

Research Report: PbS Data for Correction and Detention Facilities, 2004-2006

This research aims to understand whether and how the PbS system impacts safety, order and security within juvenile facilities. Every April and October, participating facilities submit to PbS general information about their populations; detailed information about every unusual incident that occurred during the month; information from the records of juveniles released during those periods; and surveys of current residents (youth climate surveys), staff (staff climate surveys) and residents released since the last data collection (youth exit interviews). Information from April and October data collection periods, 2004-2006, comprise this study’s data. The anonymity promised to participating facilities by PbS currently makes it impossible to link survey, incident or record data to specific youth. Therefore, it is possible to analyze how youth in a particular facility responded to the climate survey and to the exit survey, but it is not possible to compare any particular youth’s responses across these two files, or to the youth record file. To test the impact of the PbS system on safety, order and security within juvenile facilities, the researchers adopted a multi-stage analysis strategy.