Using staff demographic characteristics to predict two important issues in juvenile confinement facilities: (1) the use of restraints during behavioral incidents and (2) staff perceptions of safety. Specifically, we investigated whether individuals who belong to racial and ethnic groups that have experienced systematic and individual oppression (referred to as minoritized staff) differ in their use of restraints during incidents than non-minoritized staff. Then, we investigated whether the proportion of female staff predicts staff perceptions of safety in the facility.
Research Brief: Predicting Use of Restraints and Perceptions of Safety Using Staff Demographic Characteristics
Research Brief: Family visitation, behavioral incidents, and staff safety: What changed in the COVID-19 era?
This brief looks at family visitation, staff safety, and behavioral incidents before (April 2019) and after (April 2021) the start of the pandemic. There are two aims: 1) to assess if facility-level family visits, staff perceptions of safety, and behavioral incidents post-pandemic significantly differ from pre-pandemic expected levels, and 2) to assess the relationship between family visits and behavioral incidents as well as the relationship between behavioral incidents and staff safety.
Family Visitation, Behavioral Incidents, and Staff Safety Concerns in Juvenile Correctional Facilities
Research by Alyssa Mikytuck, MPP and Jennifer Woolard, PhD of Georgetown University's Department of Psychology.
Cost-Benefit Analysis of Staff Training in Juvenile Correctional Facilities
A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Staff Training carried out by the University of Wisconsin-Madison graduate class, focusing on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.
The Impact of Family Involvement on Youths’ Success
Research by Caitlin Cavanagh on the impact of family on youths' educational success and reentry preparedness.
Research Report: PbS Data for Correction and Detention Facilities, 2004-2010
The following report summarizes research conducted on behalf of the PbS Learning Institute on the conditions of confinement for juvenile detention facilities, correctional facilities, and assessment centers across the U.S. Using data from facilities that have participated in the Performance-based Standards for Youth Correction and Detention Facilities (PbS) project since 2004, we use statistical analyses to examine how characteristics of facilities and individuals within them relate to a series of safety, order, and security outcome measures, as well as to the likelihood that youth are victimized while incarcerated and to the likelihood of suicide attempts within facilities. Our data come from a variety of sources, each of which is part of the PbS data collection initiative, including: detailed information about every unusual incident that occurred during that month; information from the records of juveniles released during those periods; and surveys of current residents (youth climate surveys), staff (staff climate surveys) and residents released since the last data collection (youth exit interviews).
Research Report: PbS Data for Correction and Detention Facilities, 2004-2006
This research aims to understand whether and how the PbS system impacts safety, order and security within juvenile facilities. Every April and October, participating facilities submit to PbS general information about their populations; detailed information about every unusual incident that occurred during the month; information from the records of juveniles released during those periods; and surveys of current residents (youth climate surveys), staff (staff climate surveys) and residents released since the last data collection (youth exit interviews). Information from April and October data collection periods, 2004-2006, comprise this study’s data. The anonymity promised to participating facilities by PbS currently makes it impossible to link survey, incident or record data to specific youth. Therefore, it is possible to analyze how youth in a particular facility responded to the climate survey and to the exit survey, but it is not possible to compare any particular youth’s responses across these two files, or to the youth record file. To test the impact of the PbS system on safety, order and security within juvenile facilities, the researchers adopted a multi-stage analysis strategy.
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