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Report Describes Trends in U.S. High School Dropout and Completion Rates


The National Center for Education Statistics has published a report that provides high school dropout and completion rates in the United States between 1972 and 2008. Data also present students' age, sex, and race/ethnicity, and the rates of on-time graduation from high school. Findings show that approximately 3 million 16–24 year-olds were not enrolled in high school or had not earned a high school diploma or alternative credential by October 2008.

Resources: View the full report, "Trends in High School Dropout and Completion Rates in the United States: 1972–2008" at http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2011012.

Thursday, February 10, 2011 at 4:44 PM

The U.S. House of Representatives Committee of Appropriations Announces CR Spending Cuts to Go Deep


WASHINGTON, D.C. – House Appropriations Chairman Hal Rogers today announced a partial list of 70 spending cuts that will be included in an upcoming Continuing Resolution (CR) bill. The CR legislation will fund the federal government for the seven months remaining in the fiscal year and prevent a government wide shut-down, while significantly reducing the massive increases in discretionary spending enacted in the last several years by a Democrat majority. A full list of program cuts will be released when the bill is formally introduced.

The total spending cuts in the CR will exceed $74 billion, including $58 billion in non-security discretionary spending reductions. The statement by Chairman Rogers on these cuts follows:

“Never before has Congress undertaken a task of this magnitude. The cuts in this CR will represent the largest reduction in discretionary spending in the history of our nation.

The DOJ programs cut are: ONDCP -$69M Drug Intelligence Center -$11 Law Enforcement Wireless Communications -$52 US Marshals Service -$10M FBI -$74M State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance -$256M Juvenile Justice -$2.3M COPS -$600M

More information is available at: http://appropriations.house.gov/index.cfm?FuseAction=PressReleases.Detail&PressRelease_id=259

Thursday, February 10, 2011 at 4:29 PM

National Council of La Raza (NCLR) JJDPA White Paper Released


The National Council of La Raza (NCLR) recently released a white paper on the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, "Reauthorizing the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act: The Impact on Latino Youth" By Marguerite Moeller. This white paper analyzes the impact on Latino youth of the JJDPA and provides recommendations for a reauthorization of the law that takes a rational approach to juvenile justice and strengthens the well-being of Latino youth.

Monday, February 7, 2011 at 12:20 PM

States Can Achieve Better Outcomes, Lower Costs by Supporting Youth in Transition Out of Foster Care


The National Governors Association Center for Best Practices (NGA Center) today released a new report, "The Transition to Adulthood: How States Can Support Older Youth in Foster Care", which provides states with strategies for supporting foster youth as they age out of the foster care system and transition to adulthood.

The Transition to Adulthood: How States Can Support Older Youth in Foster Care is now available at http://www.nga.org/Files/pdf/1012FOSTERCARE.PDF.

Friday, February 4, 2011 at 11:09 AM

AAG Robinson and OJJDP Acting Administrator Slowikowski Discourage the Use of Scared Straight Programs


In an op-ed published February 1, 2011, in the Baltimore Sun, Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Justice Programs Laurie Robinson and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's Acting Administrator Jeff Slowikowski discuss how the use of scared straight programs to prevent delinquency is ineffective and can harm youth.

Robinson and Slowikowski comment on a study by Anthony Petrosino and researchers at the Campbell Collaboration, which analyzed results from nine scared straight programs and found that participants were up to 28 percent more likely to offend in the future. As a result of such evidence, the U.S. Department of Justice does not support scared straight-style programs, and instead focuses on programs that research has proven effective, such as mentoring programs, which use positive relationships to modify youth's behavior.

Robinson and Slowikowski write, "The fact that [scared straight] programs are still being touted as effective, despite stark evidence to the contrary, is troubling."

Read the full article at http://articles.baltimoresun.com/2011-01-31/news/bs-ed-scared-straight-201101311straight-type-programs-straight-program-youths.

Wednesday, February 2, 2011 at 4:45 PM

AG's Proposed PREA Standards Published Today


The Justice Department today released a proposed rule that aims to prevent and respond to sexual abuse in incarceration settings, in accordance with the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). Based on recommendations of the National Prison Rape Elimination Commission (NPREC), the proposed rule contains four sets of national standards aimed at combating sexual abuse in four types of confinement facilities: adult prisons and jails, juvenile facilities, lockups and community confinement facilities.

A 60-day public comment period will follow publication in the Federal Register, after which the department will make revisions as warranted and the standards will be published as a final rule. The department expects the final rule will be published by the end of the year.

The Justice Department’s complete rule can be found online at: www.ojp.usdoj.gov/programs/pdfs/prea_nprm.pdf
Following publication in the Federal Register, the proposed rule will be available at www.regulations.gov, through which comments on the proposed rule may be submitted.

Wednesday, January 26, 2011 at 5:07 PM

OJJDP Published Proposed FY 2011 Program Plan


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has published a Notice of its Proposed Plan for Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 in the January 12, 2011, Federal Register. The Proposed Plan describes discretionary program activities that OJJDP proposes to carry out during FY 2011. Taking into consideration comments received and its final FY 2011 appropriation, OJJDP will develop a Final Plan describing program activities that the Office intends to fund during FY 2011. The Final Plan will be published in the Federal Register. Comments on the Proposed Plan must be received by February 28, 2011, and may be submitted online or mailed to OJJDP. Online submission of comments is recommended.

To view OJJDP's Proposed Plan and detailed guidance on submitting comments, visit ojjdp.gov/funding/FY11OJJDPProposedPlan.pdf.

Comments may be submitted online at www.regulations.gov/#!documentDetail;D=OJJDP-OJP-2011-0001-0001.

Tuesday, January 18, 2011 at 3:31 PM

New Issue of Justice Research and Policy Just Released


New Issue of Justice Research and Policy just released, Volume 12, No. 2, 2010 Is Now Available at: http://jrsa.metapress.com

This issue of JRP contains a Juvenile Justice Section with these articles:
• "Pathways to Adult Court: Does the Road Traveled Impact the Final Destination?" by Megan C. Kurlychek
• "Under Lock and Key: Trauma, Marginalization, and Girls' Juvenile Justice Involvement" by Lisa Pasko and Meda Chesny-Lind
• "Does the Gender of the Intake Probation Officer Contextualize the Treatment of Black Youth?" by Michael J. Leiber and Sarah Jane Brubaker

Tuesday, January 18, 2011 at 12:25 PM

AMBER Alerts Now Available on Facebook


At a news conference today, Laurie O. Robinson, Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Justice Programs, joined representatives of the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children (NCMEC) and Facebook as they announced a partnership to enable 140 million Facebook users across the country to receive AMBER Alerts via their accounts.

The AMBER Alert program works to mobilize communities to search for and rescue abducted children. In serious child abduction cases, law enforcement issues bulletins that are distributed by media, the trucking industry, the wireless industry, and Internet service providers to a targeted audience. The AMBER Alert program has been credited with recovering 525 children.

Robinson remarked, "These efforts demonstrate the high priority this Administration places on child protection. While we can't fulfill every parent's dream and completely insulate children, we can promote programs and partnerships that protect children and help bring them home."

Resources: The press conference will be streamed live and archived at www.livestream.com/facebookdclive

For more information about the AMBER Alert program, visit www.amberalert.gov.

Facebook users can sign up to get alerts by state by visiting: http://www.facebook.com/AMBERalert

Wednesday, January 12, 2011 at 1:01 PM

OJJDP Bulletin Describes Link Between Substance Use and Serious Offending


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has published "Substance Use and Delinquent Behavior Among Serious Adolescent Offenders."

This bulletin presents results from the Pathways to Desistance study, which interviewed more than 1,300 juvenile offenders for the 7 years after their conviction to determine what leads them to persist in or desist from serious offending. It focuses on understanding the connection between substance use and serious offending, including how these behaviors affect one another in adolescence and how they change in early adulthood, particularly when one behavior ceases.

Resources: "Substance Use and Delinquent Behavior Among Serious Adolescent Offenders" (NCJ 232790) is available at www.ojjdp.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=254883

Wednesday, December 29, 2010 at 1:26 PM

Announcing the Release of a New CJJR Paper


“Improving the Effectiveness of Juvenile Justice Programs: A New Perspective on Evidence-Based Practice,” a paper co-authored by Dr. Mark W. Lipsey, Dr. James C. (Buddy) Howell, Marion R. Kelly, Gabrielle Chapman and Darin Carver. The paper was released at a symposium on December 3.

The paper presents a new approach to evidence-based practice that has the potential to produce better outcomes for youth involved in the juvenile justice system. The paper begins with an overview of the different approaches to evidence-based practice and introduces a tool Dr. Lipsey has developed to better make use of our vast knowledge base. It then embeds this new approach within a comprehensive juvenile justice framework that will allow our increased knowledge to benefit the entire juvenile justice continuum, rather than a handful programs serving a limited number of youth.

This paper serves as a launching point for a new portfolio of work at CJJR. Beginning in January 2011, CJJR will launch the Juvenile Justice System Improvement Project to work with three states to implement the approach detailed in the paper.

“Improving the Effectiveness of Juvenile Justice Programs: A New Perspective on Evidence-Based Practice” is available online at

Monday, December 20, 2010 at 10:31 AM

OJJDP Bulletin Provides Overview of Gang Prevention Research


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has published "Gang Prevention: An Overview of Research and Programs." The bulletin presents an overview of gang research and programs in the United States and examines how gangs form and why youth join them. It also describes how community members can start assessing their gang problems and enhance prevention and intervention activities to help prevent delinquency and gang violence. The author identifies promising and effective programs for gang prevention.

"Gang Prevention: An Overview of Research and Programs" (NCJ 231116) is available at www.ojjdp.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=253165.

Friday, December 17, 2010 at 11:40 AM

Webinar Evidence-based Case Management Practice Jan. 27 & 28, 2011


The Joyfield Institute for Professional Research will present a webinar on Evidence-based Practices for Effective Case Management

Dates: January 27 & 28, 2011
Times: 2:00 - 4:00 PM EST

Join online for this webinar presented by Mark Lowis, LMSW, MINT, President, MML Consulting, Inc. to learn evidence-based practices for this specialty area in human services.

To learn more about this Webinar and register online, visit http://www.joyfields.org/trn/web/cm.html

Thursday, December 16, 2010 at 10:35 AM

MacArthur Foundation December 2010 Newsletter


The MacArthur Foundation December 2010 Newsletter on America's Fiscal Future is now available online at

Wednesday, December 15, 2010 at 11:09 AM

American Prospect Report on Mass Incarceration in America


This special report from The American Prospect magazine Mass Incarceration in America includes essays from journalists and criminal justice experts on the policies that have contributed to the nation’s high rate of incarceration and the subsequent impact on youth and low-income communities of color in particular.

Kara Gotsch, Director of Advocacy for The Sentencing Project, contributed to the special report. Her article, “Bipartisan Justice” reviews the recent history of national criminal justice policy making, both punitive and progressive, and concludes that any movement to advance justice reform must incorporate a bipartisan strategy.

"Mass Incarceration in America"
is available online at

Monday, December 13, 2010 at 2:25 PM

Report Offers Information on School Crime and Victimization


The Office of Justice Programs' Bureau of Justice Statistics, in collaboration with the National Center for Education Statistics, has published the report, "Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2010"

The report draws on federally funded studies to present detailed statistical information about the crime that occurs in school and on the way to and from school. It presents data from the perspectives of students, teachers, and principals. Topics addressed include bullying, victimization, fights, weapons, drug and alcohol use by students, school conditions, and student perceptions of personal safety.

"Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2010" is available online at bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/pdf/iscs10.pdf.

Thursday, December 9, 2010 at 12:56 PM

Webinar to Discuss the Effects of Childhood Trauma in Girl's Lives


On December 14, 2010, at 2 p.m. E.T., the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Office on Women's Health will present a Webinar on the effects of trauma over girls' lifespans.

Lifecourse Effects of Trauma in the Lives of Girls: Findings from the Adverse Childhood Experiences Study will explore the frequency of trauma in girls' childhood and discuss how that trauma affects women's physical and mental health and behavior. Participants will learn best practices in trauma-informed care and identify ways to integrate these practices when providing services to trauma victims.

To learn more about this Webinar and register online, visit https://services.choruscall.com/links/womenshealth.html

Tuesday, December 7, 2010 at 4:35 PM

FACJJ Issues 2010 Annual Report


The Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice (FACJJ) has published its 2010 Annual Report to the President and Congress. The report addresses significant issues facing our nation's juvenile justice system. Primary among its concerns, FACJJ urges reauthorization of the JJDP Act.

Wednesday, November 24, 2010 at 12:23 PM

OJJDP Ad Campaign Urges Prospective Mentors To Step Up to the Plate


Mentoring programs have been shown to build self-esteem, enhance academic performance, and improve behavior. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has long supported mentoring as an effective way to prevent at-risk youth from becoming involved in delinquency.

Continuing its Be a Mentor campaign, OJJDP expects to reach some 3.5 million people through its ad in the game programs for Major League Baseball's 2010 American League and National League Championship Series and the World Series. The ad, which invites adults to "Step Up to the Plate" by becoming a mentor, will also appear in the program for the 2011 All-Star game.

A newly created page on the OJJDP Web site provides visitors with an array of resources related to mentoring.

For information about mentoring-related resources, visit http://www.ojjdp.gov/programs/mentoring.html

Wednesday, October 27, 2010 at 2:31 PM

Report Reviews Victimization in Juvenile Detention


The Department of Justice's Review Panel on Prison Rape has released its Report on Sexual Victimization in Juvenile Correction Facilities.

In compliance with the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003, the Review Panel conducted public hearings and gathered data based on the survey described in the Bureau of Justice Statistics report Sexual Victimization In Juvenile Facilities Reports by Youth, 2008-09.

The Review Panel's report provides observations and recommendations to assist practitioners and advocates in preventing sexual victimization in the nation's juvenile correctional facilities.

"Report on Sexual Victimization in Juvenile Correctional Facilities" is available online at www.ojp.usdoj.gov/reviewpanel/pdfs/panelreport101014.pdf

Monday, October 25, 2010 at 12:19 PM

Juvenile Justice Briefing Scheduled for Capitol Hill


On October 26, 2010, at 10:00 a.m. E.T., in Washington, DC, the Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy will conduct the congressional briefing, "Juvenile Justice in the Age of the Second Chance Act, the Youth Promise Act, and the JJDP Reauthorization Bill: Research Guided Policy Implications for Maximizing Reentry Initiatives for Adolescents."

The 2-½-hour briefing, which is being cosponsored by the Center for Justice Leadership and Management, will be held in the Capitol Visitor Center. It will be led by Dr. Catherine Gallagher, Associate Professor, Department of Criminology, Law and Society, George Mason University, and feature briefs on key topics from 12 experts in research and policy, including staff from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Registration is free but required. Resources: To obtain additional information about the briefing and register online, visit gemini.gmu.edu/cebcp/Briefings/juvenilejustice.html.

Tuesday, October 19, 2010 at 4:01 PM

Webcast To Address Bullying Prevention


On October 27, 2010, at 1:00 p.m. E.T. The Federal Partners in Bullying Prevention Working Group will air a Webcast on bullying prevention.

A follow up to the recent Federal Partners in Bullying Prevention Summit, the 90-minute session will feature presentations by:

  • Dr. Catherine Bradshaw, Associate Director, Johns Hopkins Center for the Prevention of Youth Violence

  • Kevin Jenkins, Assistant Deputy Secretary, Office of Safe and Drug Free Schools, U.S. Department of Education

  • Capt. Stephanie Bryn, Director, Injury and Violence, Prevention Programs, Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

A panel of individuals involved in bullying prevention efforts will discuss the challenges that they have encountered and the successes that they have achieved.

The registration deadline is October 25, 2010; however, early registration is recommended as the capacity to participate in the Webcast is limited.

Register online at https://www1.gotomeeting.com/register827891504.

Questions regarding the Webcast or the registration process may be addressed to Andrea Massengile at amassengile@icfi.com

Thursday, October 14, 2010 at 5:03 PM

Jetson Center for Youth Praised for Work


Renis Waters III returned Thursday to Jetson Center for Youth, but this time he came as a visitor to the state’s juvenile secure-care facility and not because of a judge’s orders.

Waters, 18, of Westwego, returned with his parents in tow, Nicole and Renis Waters Sr., to collect his class ring during a ceremony at the facility honoring students who earned their GEDs while serving sentences at the facility.

State Superintendent of Education Paul Pastorek was the featured speaker at the event.

But the program was run by some of Jetson’s teenage wards, all wearing dress slacks and polo shirts, who read poetry, sang songs and introduced the speakers.

The other teens who call Jetson home, all wearing T-shirts and jeans, sat attentively in the audience.

“I love these days,” said Daron Brown, director of Jetson. “We get to showcase our kids, and we’re really proud of them.”

Brown said there is no difference between other teenagers and the teenagers at Jetson, which is home to about 75 boys and young men ranging in ages from 13 to 20 who ran afoul of the law.

“Our kids have made a mistake,” Brown said. “But they’re working hard to overcome that.”

When Waters walked to the podium to get his high school class ring, the other boys cheered and applauded, almost as loudly as his parents.

“I never thought we’d see this day two years ago,” Waters’ mother said. “He was not going anywhere.”

That’s when young Waters ended up at Jetson after he fired a gun inside city limits when he was 16 years old.

“Back then, I was sleeping all of the time and just getting into trouble,” Waters said. “I decided I didn’t want to be like that anymore.”

While at Jetson, Waters said, he discovered he has artistic capabilities.

“One of his pictures was displayed in a local hotel,” his mother said. “I am so proud of him.”

And now Waters is attending classes at a college where he is focusing on art.

“He’s just changed so much,” Nicole Waters said. “And, oh my gosh, I give all of the credit to Jetson.”

She said Jetson counselors spent hours and hours of “one-on-one time” with her son, helping him work through his problems.

“This was it for him,” she said, indicating Jetson was her son’s last hope for straightening out.

But praise for the facility, which was built in the 1940s and has housed juvenile delinquents since then, has been sparse over the years.

About four years ago, Jetson was removed from federal court supervision, where it was placed in the late 1990s because of violence and abuse.

During the past two years, great strides have been made to reform the facility, said Jerel Giarrusso, a spokeswoman for the state Office of Juvenile Justice.

Gone are the razor wire fences that once surrounded each building. Now there are picnic tables on grassy areas landscaped with flowers, trees and shrubs.

Also gone are the color-coded T-shirts that identified what offense each boy committed, including sex offenders.

Another significant change is the number of boys. Only a few years ago, more than 200 boys were housed there; now, that’s been reduced to about 75.

The facility now is operated using a therapeutic approach rather than a correctional approach, Giarrusso said.

“Things are just much, much better out here,” she said.


Wednesday, October 13, 2010 at 5:27 PM

Factors Related to Employment and Housing Outcomes of Public Mental Health Consumers


The Washington State Institute for Public Policy (Institute) has recently posted the following publications online:


The Institute was directed by the 2001 Washington State Legislature to “conduct a longitudinal study of long-term [mental health] client outcomes to assess any changes in client status at two, five, and ten years.” This latest report discusses supported employment and housing outcomes for Washington’s public mental health consumers.

The study discusses that employment history, diagnosis, and functioning all predict the likelihood of employment after treatment; earnings for employed adults remain low; and supported employment and housing programs can improve outcomes for clients if implemented according to recommended guidelines.

Wednesday, September 1, 2010 at 5:15 PM

National Academy for State Health Policy Preconference on Juvenile Justice


The National Academy for State Health Policy is pleased to announce that we are hosting a preconference session on juvenile justice and behavioral health issues in conjunction with our 23rd Annual State Health Policy Conference on Monday, October 4th in New Orleans, LA. A brief description is below and the session agenda can be found at: http://www.nashpconference.org/agenda/preconferences/. We hope you will share this with your networks and others!

Preconference Description: Young people in the juvenile justice system are among our nation's most vulnerable, facing many behavioral and physical health care problems. In order to meet the complex needs of these youth, states engage multiple systems of care, including Medicaid, mental health and even child welfare systems. During this day-long session participants will have the opportunity to engage in interactive sessions that explore successful models for delivering evidence-based strategies; the role officials and policymakers have in administering these programs in a health reform environment; and promising practices that address the challenges associated with building state, local, and community-based collaborations. Speakers will include state and national experts working to improve the health and well-being of juvenile justice-involved youth. This preconference is geared toward policymakers, officials, researchers and advocates from juvenile justice, mental health, substance abuse, and Medicaid.

Monday, August 30, 2010 at 11:08 AM

OJJDP Bulletin Examining Juvenile Transfer Laws Now Available in Print


Originally released online in 2008, the OJJDP bulletin "Juvenile Transfer Laws: An Effective Deterrent to Delinquency?" is now available for the first time in print.

The bulletin provides an overview of research on the deterrent effects of transferring youth from juvenile to criminal courts, focusing on large-scale, comprehensive, OJJDP-funded studies on the effect of transfer laws on recidivism. The information it provides should help inform public discussion and policy decisions.


"Juvenile Transfer Laws: An Effective Deterrent to Delinquency?" is available online at: http://www.ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=242419.

Print copies can be ordered online from the National Criminal Justice Reference Service.

Thursday, August 19, 2010 at 10:23 AM

Brief Examines Relationship Between Childhood Trauma and Juvenile Justice Involvement


The Justice Policy Institute has released "Healing Invisible Wounds: Why Investing in Trauma-Informed Care for Children Makes Sense."

The brief examines the relationship between childhood trauma and involvement in the juvenile justice system. According to the brief, while research shows that up to 34 percent of children in the United States have experienced at least one traumatic event, between 75 and 93 percent of youth entering the juvenile justice system annually are estimated to have experienced some degree of trauma.

"Healing Invisible Wounds: Why Investing in Trauma-Informed Care for Children Makes Sense" is available online at www.justicepolicy.org/images/upload/10-07REPHealingInvisibleWounds_JJ-PS.pdf. For further information about the brief, see the Justice Policy Institute's press release at www.justicepolicy.org/content-hmID=1811&smID=1581&ssmID=102.htm#press.

Tuesday, July 20, 2010 at 3:53 AM

New Report Urges Cost-effective Reforms of Juvenile Justice Systems


Treating Juveniles in Community-Based Programs and Downsizing Institutions Most Cost-Effective Way to Rehabilitate Youth

WASHINGTON, D.C. - With many states facing alarming budget shortfalls, now is the time for cost-effective strategies to improve and shrink juvenile justice systems, according to a new report from the National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN). The Real Costs and Benefits of Change: Finding Opportunities for Reform During Difficult Fiscal Times, explores an array of reforms that states have successfully utilized to improve outcomes for youth, increase public safety, and reduce costs.

The report highlights concrete strategies, both substantive and tactical, that have been proven to save states money and treat youth more appropriately and effectively. One such strategy is to adopt a fiscal realignment model, through which states provide incentives to encourage localities to treat young offenders through community- and evidence-based programs, and decrease their use of costly state-funded juvenile prison beds. Programs such as this in Ohio, Wisconsin, Illinois, and California have saved states significant amounts of money while improving outcomes for kids.

"Rather than indiscriminately cutting juvenile justice funding, we can use the current budget crisis as an opportunity to serve youth better by rethinking our current modes of spending," says Betsy Clarke, co-chair of NJJN. "By spending wisely, states can both save money and have better outcomes for youth, families and communities." NJJN also uses the report to demonstrate the cost-effectiveness of "downsizing" through closing youth correctional centers or lowering detention populations. Oregon, Rhode Island, Washington, and New Mexico, all have realized significant savings from downsizing. A growing body of research also points to the harmful effects of institutionalization on youth and the effectiveness of community-based programming. Studies have found that placing youth in "training schools" and other juvenile facilities increases their chance of future delinquent and adult criminal behavior, disrupts normal development and educational progress, and negatively impacts short- and long-term employment opportunities for youth.

According to Abby Anderson, co-chair of NJJN, the urgency of the changes cited in the report has been heightened by the current fiscal crisis. While many of these reforms were instituted before the current financial meltdown, their cost-savings benefits have become even more salient.

"This is documented proof that states must stop wasteful spending on archaic and expensive juvenile prisons, which can cost as much as $800 a day, or more than $290,000 per year to house just one youth," said Anderson. "Not only are these practices expensive, but they are also ineffective. The juvenile justice system's goal should be rehabilitation, and we know that community-based services are much more effective in helping kids get back on track."

NJJN urges advocates to help educate their local policymakers around the expense and disastrous effects of juvenile institutions and with the existence of sensible alternatives that will both achieve cost-cutting goals and increase public safety.

About the National Juvenile Justice Network: The National Juvenile Justice Network is a membership organization of state-based juvenile justice coalitions and organizations that advocate for state and federal laws, policies and practices that are fair, equitable and developmentally appropriate for all children, youth and families involved in, or at risk of becoming involved in, the justice system. For more information about NJJN, please visit www.njjn.org and/or email info@njjn.org.

Tuesday, July 20, 2010 at 3:45 AM

Report Provides Data and Trends in Juvenile Court Cases


The National Center for Juvenile Justice has published "Juvenile Court Statistics, 2006-2007," which was developed with funding from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Drawing on data from the National Juvenile Court Data Archive, the report profiles the nearly 1.7 million delinquency cases handled each year by U.S. courts with juvenile jurisdiction in 2006 and 2007. It also describes trends in delinquency cases processed by juvenile courts between 1985 and 2007 and status offense cases handled between 1995 and 2007.

"Juvenile Court Statistics 2006-2007" is available online, via OJJDP's Statistical Briefing Book, at: ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/ojstatbb/publications/StatBBAbstract.asp?BibID=252137.

Thursday, July 1, 2010 at 6:53 AM

Integrating Family-focused Approaches In juvenile Justice Reform


A recent publication about the development of the Juvenile Relational Inquiry Tool in the Child Welfare League of America's publication. Read full article here.

Thursday, July 1, 2010 at 5:21 AM

OJJDP Fact Sheets Offer Information on Juveniles in Court


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has released four fact sheets providing data derived from the report "Juvenile Court Statistics 2006-2007." Resources:

Print copies of "Delinquency Cases in Juvenile Court, 2007" may be ordered at www.ncjrs.gov/App/ShoppingCart/ShopCart.aspx?item=NCJ+230168.

Thursday, July 1, 2010 at 5:12 AM

CJCA's Comments on Standards for the Prevention, Detention, Response and Monitoring of Sexual Abuse in Juvenile Facilities.


The top priority of all directors, managers and staff of juvenile facilities is ensuring safety – public safety in the community and the safety of youths and staff within facilities. The personal commitment to youths’ safety by juvenile correctional professionals is magnified by the parens patriae role assumed by agency and facility staff as guardians of youths committed to their custody by courts. The systemic commitment to safety is the critical  foundation for establishing a safe environment necessary for effective rehabilitative programming, skill development and education to prevent future crime. With these guiding principles as introduction of our organization’s philosophy, the Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators (CJCA) respectfully submits the comments below to the proposed Standards for the Prevention, Detection, Response and Monitoring of Sexual Abuse in Juvenile Facilities as proposed by the National Prison Rape Elimination Commission (NPREC.) Read more.

Submitted to Department of Justice by CJCA on May 10, 2010.

Monday, June 7, 2010 at 6:15 AM

Paper Addresses Educational Challenges Facing System-Involved Youth


Georgetown Public Policy Institute's Center for Juvenile Justice Reform has released the paper "Addressing the Unmet Educational Needs of Children and Youth in the Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare Systems."

Written by Peter Leone, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, and Lois Weinberg, California State University, Los Angeles, CA, the paper reviews educational barriers encountered by youth involved in the juvenile justice and child welfare systems and describes recent legal and policy reforms.

Promising practices and evidence-based interventions to improve educational outcomes for these system-involved youth are also provided.

"Addressing the Unmet Educational Needs of Children and Youth in the Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare Systems" is available online at cjjr.georgetown.edu/pdfs/ed/edpaper.pdf.

Tuesday, May 25, 2010 at 5:20 AM

Bulletin Describes Results of Youth Survey on Conditions of Confinement


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has published "Conditions of Confinement: Findings From the Survey of Youth in Residential Placement."

The third in a publication series derived from findings from the Survey of Youth in Residential Placement, this OJJDP bulletin describes the characteristics of the facilities in which youth are confined and the programs that serve them.

"Conditions of Confinement: Findings From the Survey of Youth in Residential Placement" (NCJ 227729) is available online at ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=249736.

Print copies may be ordered at

For an overview of the series, see "Introduction to the Survey of Youth in Residential Placement" at ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=240090.

Tuesday, May 18, 2010 at 11:44 AM

OJJDP Bulletin Reports on Youth in Custody's Needs and Services


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has published "Youth's Needs and Services: Findings From the Survey of Youth in Residential Placement."

The Survey of Youth in Residential Placement is the first national study to gather information on youth in custody by surveying detained offenders. The second in a series, the bulletin reports on the survey's findings on youth in custody's needs and the services they receive.

"Youth's Needs and Services: Findings From the Survey of Youth in Residential Placement" is available online at ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=249735.

Print copies may be ordered at www.ncjrs.gov/App/ShoppingCart/ShopCart.aspx?item=NCJ+227728.

For an overview of the series, see "Introduction to the Survey of Youth in Residential Placement" at ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=240090.

Tuesday, April 6, 2010 at 7:40 AM

March 22-26 Is National Youth Violence Prevention Week


March 22-26, 2010, is National Youth Violence Prevention Week. Youth violence refers to harmful behaviors that can start early and continue into young adulthood. The young person may be a victim, an offender, or a witness to the violence.

While violence impacts people of all ages, violence disproportionately affects youth and is the second leading cause of death for young people between the ages of 10 and 24. Because of the multiple factors that contribute to the development of violence, a comprehensive preventative approach is needed. Youth violence prevention also requires collaboration among justice, public safety, education, public health, and human service agencies, with the support of community leaders, businesses, and faith-based organizations.

To access information and resources related to youth violence, visit the National Criminal Justice Reference Service's Youth Violence portal page at www.ncjrs.gov/yviolence/.

For additional information, please visit www.safeyouth.org/scripts/index.asp.

Wednesday, March 24, 2010 at 9:10 AM

OJJDP Fact Sheet Addresses Girls' Delinquency


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has published Girls' Delinquency

This 4-page In Focus fact sheet reviews trends in girls' delinquency and describes research conducted by OJJDP's Girls Study Group. It also reports on OJJDP programs and publications that address girls' delinquency.

"Girls' Delinquency” (NCJ 228414) is available at http://ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=250433.

Print copies may be ordered online at www.ncjrs.gov/App/ShoppingCart/ShopCart.aspx?item=NCJ+228414&repro=0.

For further information about girls' delinquency, visit OJJDP's Girls' Delinquency page at ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/programs/girlsdelinquency.html.

Monday, March 15, 2010 at 8:02 AM

Fact Sheet Confirms Continued Decline in Number of Juveniles in Residential Placement


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention has published Juveniles in Residential Placement, 1997–2008. Data cited in this fact sheet are derived from the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement and the Juvenile Residential Facility Census, both of which include 1-day counts of the juvenile placement population.

As the fact sheet confirms, the number of juvenile offenders in residential placement in publicly and privately operated juvenile facilities has declined steadily since 2000. In 2008, fewer than 81,000 juvenile offenders were housed in residential facilities at the time of the census, the lowest number since 1993.

"Juveniles in Residential Placement, 1997–2008" is available online at www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/229379.pdf.

Print copies may be ordered online at www.ncjrs.gov/App/ShoppingCart/ShopCart.aspx?item=NCJ+229379&repro.

Monday, March 1, 2010 at 4:42 AM

CJCA’s First Annual Yearbook Cover Contest is in Progress!


On January 22, the Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators (CJCA) launched a national art contest for the cover of our annual Yearbook publication. The contest is seeking entries that interpret the following quote, “For a safer tomorrow, invest in our youths today.” This quote reflects CJCA’s support for investments in juvenile crime prevention and intervention programs as part of a comprehensive strategy to enhance public safety and improve outcomes for youths.

All youths committed to state juvenile corrections agencies are eligible to participate in the contest. Entries must be submitted by March 19. Click here to download the announcement and entry form.

Selections will be based on originality, quality of presentation and representation of the contest theme, “For a safer tomorrow, invest in our youths today.” Winning artwork will be featured on the cover of the 2010 CJCA Yearbook publication and gift cards for art supplies will be awarded. Winners will be announced in May 2010.

Please contact Liz Mengers at 781-843-2663 or yearbook@cjca.net.

Wednesday, January 27, 2010 at 8:01 AM

Mayor Fenty Names Interim DYRS Director


WASHINGTON, D.C. – Mayor Adrian M. Fenty today named Marc A. Schindler as interim director of the District’s Department of Youth Rehabilitation Services (DYRS). “Marc Schindler has a good working knowledge of the agency as well as best practices in the field of juvenile justice and youth development,” said Mayor Fenty. “And I am confident he will maintain the progress and growth of the agency until a permanent director is in place.” Marc A. Schindler, Esq. Interim Director, Department of Youth Rehabilitation Services

Schindler has played an integral part of DYRS’s management team since March 2005. Prior to his appointment as interim director, Schindler served as chief of staff to the director since 2006, assisting with overall management of the agency and reforms, and was the agency’s point person on issues related to professional development, communications, legislative relations and internal investigations. He’s also served as DYRS’ first general counsel from 2005-2006, following the establishment of DYRS as a cabinet level agency. Prior to joining DYRS, Schindler served as a staff attorney with the Youth Law Center (YLC), a national public interest civil rights law firm dedicated to protecting the rights of young people in juvenile justice and child welfare systems nationwide, from 1997 to 2005. While at YLC he was involved with training, technical assistance, law reform litigation, and legislative and administrative advocacy on legal issues related to children, with emphasis on improving the conditions of confinement for institutionalized children and addressing racial disparities in the justice system.

As an attorney with the YLC, he was involved in extensive advocacy on behalf of children in juvenile justice systems throughout the country, including in Maryland, Virginia, and the District.

Schindler also served as co-chair of the national Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention Coalition in DC and was a founding member of the Justice for DC Youth Coalition, and taught children’s rights at American University’s Washington College of Law. Schindler has served on numerous boards and commissioners including:

  • American Bar Association Juvenile Justice Committee (1993-2005)
  • DC Police Complaints Board (2003-2005)
  • Maryland Governor’s Task Force on Juvenile Justice (1996)
  • Committee for Baltimore’s Children (1995)

In addition, Schindler has worked as an assistant public defender in Baltimore's juvenile court representing children in delinquency proceedings, where he was the recipient of the Cahill Award for outstanding commitment to service and chaired the Juvenile Law Committee of the Baltimore City Bar Association.

A graduate of Yale University and the University of Maryland School of Law, Schindler began his career more than 20 years ago. He has lived in the District for more than 10 years, currently residing in the Woodridge neighborhood with his wife and two children.

Tuesday, January 12, 2010 at 9:28 AM

National Reentry Resource Center Announces Second Chance Act Grant Webinar: Guidance for Reentry Demonstration Project Applicants


The National Reentry Resource Center will conduct a free webinar to help applicants respond to the Second Chance Act Section 101 solicitation for state and local reentry demonstration projects,which was released on December 22, 2009, by the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) and Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Le'Ann Duran, director of the resource center, will host the webinar, which will feature Dr. Gary Dennis, BJA senior policy advisor for corrections, and Thomas Murphy, OJJDP state representative, who will explain the solicitation and application process and answer common questions. (The grant application deadline is March 4, 2010.)

The webinar, supported by the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance, will be held at 2:00 P.M. (E.T.) on Thursday, January 14, 2010.

To register for the webinar, click here.

In 2009, the Council of State Governments Justice Center, with funding support from the Public Welfare Foundation, the Annie E. Casey Foundation, the Joyce Foundation, and the Open Society Institute, developed a Reentry Checklist for state and local governments, and a Second Chance Act Fact Sheet for the reentry field. The resource center recently updated these materials.

The resource center is continually updating its website with materials relevant to the reentry field. To learn more about the resource center, including how to upload content to the site, please click here.

Friday, January 8, 2010 at 7:03 AM

SAMHSA Seeks Applicants for Juvenile Treatment Drug Courts Program


The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) is accepting applications for Grants to Expand Substance Abuse Treatment Capacity for Juvenile Treatment Drug Courts.

The purpose of this program is to expand and enhance substance abuse treatment services in problem-solving courts that use the juvenile drug court model to provide alcohol and drug treatment, recovery support services supporting substance abuse treatment, screening, assessment, case management, and program coordination to juvenile defendants and offenders. Priority should be given to addressing gaps in the existing continuum of treatment.

Eligibility is restricted to current juvenile treatment drug courts or tribal, state, and local governmental proxies that may apply on their behalf. Grantees from the 2009 cohort of this program are ineligible. Applications must be received by February 23, 2010.

For additional information about this funding opportunity, visit www.samhsa.gov/Grants/2010/TI-10-004.aspx.

Tuesday, January 5, 2010 at 4:05 AM

Applicants Sought for Reentry Demonstration Projects


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) and the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) invite applicants from state and local government agencies and federally recognized Indian tribes under their joint Second Chance Act Adult and Juvenile Offender Reentry Demonstration Projects solicitation.

The Second Chance Act is intended to support the reentry of adult and juvenile offenders from prison, jail, or juvenile residential facilities into their communities.

The application deadline is March 4, 2010.

For further information about this solicitation, see the Program Announcement at ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/grants/solicitations/FY2010/SecondChanceMentoring.pdf.

Questions regarding the juvenile-related requirements of this solicitation should be addressed to Thomas Murphy, Grants Program Specialist, at thomas.murphy@usdoj.gov or 202-353-8734.

Questions regarding any other requirement of this solicitation, contact Dr. Gary L. Dennis, Senior Policy Advisor for Corrections, at gary.dennis@usdoj.gov or 202-305-9059.

Monday, December 28, 2009 at 4:55 AM

CJCA White Paper on Recidivism


CJCA is pleased to announce completion of the most recent white paper, Defining and Measuring Recidivism, which was reviewed and agreed upon at the 2nd Annual Leadership Conference in Chicago. The paper is a product of the proceedings of the Recidivism Committee created by CJCA President Bernard Warner and chaired by CJCA Vice President Barry Stoodley. The paper contains recommended national standards for measuring recidivism in the juvenile justice system.

Wednesday, December 9, 2009 at 7:12 AM

OJJDP Invites Comments on Proposed FY 2010 Program Plan


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has published a Notice of its Proposed Plan for Fiscal Year (FY) 2010 in the December 1, 2009, Federal Register. The Proposed Plan describes discretionary program activities that OJJDP proposes to carry out during FY 2010.

Taking into consideration comments received and its final FY 2010 appropriation, OJJDP will develop a Final Plan describing program activities that the Office intends to fund during FY 2010. The Final Plan will be published in the Federal Register.

Comments on the Proposed Plan must be received by January 15, 2010, and may be submitted online or mailed to OJJDP. As security protocols can significantly delay OJJDP's receipt of mail, online submission of comments is recommended to ensure their consideration.

To view OJJDP's Proposed Plan and detailed guidance on submitting comments, visit ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/funding/FY10OJJDPProposedPlan.pdf.

Comments may be submitted online at www.regulations.gov/search/Regs/home.html#documentDetail?R=0900006480a61626.

A copy of the Proposed Plan is also accessible from this page.

Thursday, December 3, 2009 at 3:46 AM

Vincent N. Schiraldi Appointed as NYC Commissioner of the Department of Probation


New York City Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg today appointed Vincent N. Schiraldi as Commissioner of the Department of Probation. Commissioner Schiraldi is a national leader in the field of rehabilitation, with more than 25 years of experience and a record of reform and success. He most recently led Washington, DC's Department of Youth Rehabilitation Services, where he turned a troubled agency that was on the verge of being placed under court supervision into a national model.

His reforms were recently recognized by Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government "Innovations in American Government" awards program for being among the "Top 50" most innovative programs in the country. He will replace Acting Commissioner Patricia Brennan, who has served ably as Acting Commissioner since the departure of Commissioner Martin Horn last summer and will return to her role as Deputy Commissioner for Juvenile Operations. The Mayor announced the appointment in the Blue Room of City Hall, where he was joined by Deputy Mayor for Health and Human Services Linda I. Gibbs. Commissioner Schiraldi is expected to begin work at the Department of Probation in February.

"For nearly five years Vinny Schiraldi has been a tremendous asset to the District, aggressively reforming the city's juvenile justice system," said District of Columbia Mayor Adrian M. Fenty. "He's created and implemented innovative programs that will serve as national best practice models for years to come. Some of the District's most troubled youth have greatly benefited from his work and commitment during my Administration as well as the previous Williams Administration. I wish Schiraldi much success, and congratulate Mayor Bloomberg on an excellent choice for probation commissioner."

Commissioner Schiraldi founded the Center on Juvenile & Criminal Justice, a non-profit dedicated to reducing society's reliance on imprisonment as a solution to social problems. He has published more than 30 articles and has served on 10 boards and commissions in the field. His professional experience includes work as Director of the District of Columbia Department of Youth Rehabilitation Services, Founder and Executive Director of the Justice Policy Institute in Washington, DC, Western Regional Director of the National Center on Institutions and Alternatives in San Francisco, California, Case Developer at the National Center on Institutions and Alternatives in New York City, Houseparent/Recreation Coordinator at the New York State Division for Youth, Foster Parent at the San Francisco Department of Social Service and lecturer on juvenile justice reform at San Francisco State and Georgetown Universities.

The Department of Probation gives adult and juvenile offenders the tools they need to redirect their lives and holding them accountable if they fail to lead a law-abiding life. Probation works to strengthen families and reduce the number of juveniles removed from their homes. The department works with community groups and other criminal justice agencies, providing information and services to the courts and giving victims a voice in the justice system.

Wednesday, December 2, 2009 at 7:36 AM

W. Haywood Burns Institute Releases New Report


The W. Haywood Burns Institute, a leading organization in the field of juvenile justice and ethnic and racial disparities reduction, released The Keeper and the Kept, a report that examines local obstacles to reducing disparities in juvenile justice systems. The publication is the second in a series, following Adoration of the Question: Reflections on the Failure to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Desparities in Juvenile Justice Systems.

Tuesday, December 1, 2009 at 5:57 AM

Online Courses Train Juvenile Justice Managers


The National Juvenile Court Services Association has designed an online training curriculum to train juvenile justice managers. Sponsored by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the Professional Juvenile Justice Manager (PJMM) certificate program includes a series of online courses. Students will spend two weeks on each course, working on basic lecture material, specialized readings, and self-assessment questions.

The program is designed to train staff and to provide certification for supervisors currently in the field. Those who successfully complete the program will receive certification from the American Probation and Parole Association.


To access a list of PJMM courses and register online, visit www.njcsacertification.org/course/ca tegory.php?id=29.

Tuesday, December 1, 2009 at 5:56 AM

SAMHSA Will Provide $39.6 Million To Support Juvenile and Adult Reentry and Recovery Services


The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) is currently accepting applications for the Offender Reentry Program. The purpose of the program is to expand or enhance substance abuse treatment and related recovery and reentry services to sentenced juvenile and adult offenders returning to the community from incarceration for criminal/juvenile offenses. Programs should help those who have been incarcerated make a stable transition back to the community, provide treatment for drug and alcohol abusers, and reduce future offending.

Grants will be awarded through SAMHSA's Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, for fiscal year 2010. The deadline for submitting applications is January 19. The full grant announcement is available online.


Read the full grant announcement online at www.samhsa.gov/Grants/2010/TI-10-006.aspx.

For more information about SAMHSA, go to www.samhsa.gov.

Tuesday, December 1, 2009 at 5:55 AM

Briefing Advises House and Senate Members on Juvenile Justice Reentry Issues


On November 16, 2009, the Youth Reentry Task Force of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Coalition, along with the Sentencing Project and the National Alliance to End Homelessness, organized an educational panel to brief House and Senate members on the importance of meeting the needs of juveniles who reenter a community after a period of incarceration — a population consisting of about 100,000 youth a year. OJJDP Acting Administrator Jeff Slowikowski, who spoke at the briefing, emphasized the agency's commitment to supporting these youth, citing several OJJDP-sponsored programs and initiatives that have helped ex-offender youth find employment, complete education programs, and keep from reoffending.

Speakers reviewed best practices for service providers, federal laws that support reentry services, studies of reentry services that reduce recidivism, and current perspectives from the field. The speakers also made recommendations on how to bolster national policy to better support juveniles' reentry needs.

The task force also released a research report that outlines current findings on juvenile reentry issues.


Read the research report online at www.sentencingproject.org/doc/publications/CC_youthreentryfall09report.pdf.

For more information about the Sentencing Project, visit www.sentencingproject.org.

For more information about the National Alliance to End Homelessness, visit www.naeh.org.

Tuesday, December 1, 2009 at 5:54 AM