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OJJDP Bulletin Examines Suitability of Assessment Instruments for Delinquent Girls


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has published "Suitability of Assessment Instruments for Delinquent Girls."

Risk assessment instruments are often used to determine the programs and services that best serve the needs of youth within the juvenile justice system. Part of OJJDP's Girls Study Group series, the bulletin provides a comprehensive guide for juvenile justice practitioners to assist them in selecting an instrument which is suitable for assessing the needs of delinquent girls.


"Suitability of Assessment Instruments for Delinquent Girls" is available online at ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=248526.

Wednesday, October 7, 2009 at 9:30 AM

Updated National Youth Gang Survey Analysis Now Available


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's National Youth Gang Center has posted updated findings and analyses from OJJDP's National Youth Gang Survey (NYGS) on its Web site.

Conducted annually since 1995, NYGS is a systematic survey of law enforcement agencies across the nation that assesses the presence, extent, and characteristics of local gang problems.

The National Youth Gang Center Web site provides survey data from 1996 through 2007. Available data include annual numbers of gangs and gang members from 1996 through 2007, the change in the number of gang-problem jurisdictions from 2002 to 2007, and gang member demographics.


To access this youth gang resource, visit www.iir.com/nygc/nygsa/.

Tuesday, September 22, 2009 at 4:12 AM

OJJDP Bulletin Provides Strategies To Reduce Disproportionate Minority Contact


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has published "Reducing Disproportionate Minority Contact: Preparation at the Local Level."

The bulletin, the first in OJJDP's new DMC series, describes strategies that states and communities can use to reduce disproportionate minority contact with the juvenile justice system. A companion to OJJDP's Disproportionate Minority Contact Technical Assistance Manual, the bulletin includes guidance drawn from the manual and provides useful information on the context in which local preparation to address disproportionate minority contact takes place.


"Reducing Disproportionate Minority Contact: Preparation at the Local Level" (NCJ 218861) is available online at ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=240604.

Print copies may be ordered online.

The DMC Technical Assistance Manual may be accessed at www.ncjrs.gov/html/ojjdp/dmctamanual/index.html.

Tuesday, September 22, 2009 at 4:11 AM

ABC Primetime Documentary on Missouri DYS Airing September 9


The ABC Primetime documentary featuring the Missouri Division of Youth Services is scheduled to air on Wednesday, September 9 from 9:00 – 10:00 pm (Central Time).  It will be broadcast by your local ABC affiliate stations.

The documentary was filmed and produced over a period of about 14 months.  It is expected to provide an in-depth look at the Missouri approach to treatment and education of juvenile offenders. 


Tuesday, September 8, 2009 at 5:50 AM

OJJDP Seeks Information on DSO Promising Practices


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) seeks information on initiatives that help states achieve or maintain the deinstitutionalization of status offenders (DSO). To that end, OJJDP invites state agencies and others to nominate programs and strategies that have shown promise in keeping status offenders out of jail or removing status offenders from juvenile or adult detention, regardless of funding source.

Nominated programs will be reviewed for inclusion in a database of promising DSO initiatives. To be eligible for nomination, programs and strategies must have been in operation for at least 2 years and data documenting their impact must show improvement over one or more periods of time.


The DSO Promising Practices Nomination Form may be accessed at ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/programs/ DSOpromisingpractices2009.pdf.

Thursday, September 3, 2009 at 8:35 AM

Attorney General Holder Announces $129 Million in Awards To Support Youth Mentoring


On September 2, 2009, the U.S. Department of Justice's (DOJ's) Office of Justice Programs issued the following press release:

Washington – U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder today announced more than $129 million in Recovery Act and Fiscal Year 2009 funds have been awarded for mentoring services to help prevent at-risk youth from becoming involved in delinquency. The grants will also preserve and create jobs throughout the United States.

"The Recovery Act has allowed us to invest further in the future of today's youth by providing mentoring opportunities to help children reach their full potential," said Attorney General Holder. "These grants will help steer young people away from criminal activities by providing them with healthy life alternatives, positive role models and direct contact with caring adults."

The Recovery Act, signed into law by President Obama, provides the Office of Justice Programs' Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) with more than $85 million for national mentoring programs to reduce juvenile delinquency, violence, gang participation, school failure and dropout rates. The Recovery Act National Mentoring award recipients are:

  • The Boys and Girls Clubs of America, Atlanta, GA ($44,400,000)
  • Goodwill Industries International, Rockville, MD ($19,160,337)
  • Public/Private Ventures, Philadelphia, PA ($17,829,110)
  • National Association of Police Athletic Activities Leagues, Inc., Jupiter, FL ($3,700,000).

The statutes appropriating funds for Fiscal Year 2009 authorize OJJDP's National Mentoring Programs initiative. The awards of more than $44 million were made to programs that target underserved and at-risk youth. The Fiscal Year 2009 National Mentoring award recipients are:

  • Home Builders Institute, Washington, DC ($9,949,890)
  • The Milton S. Eisenhower Foundation, Washington, DC ($9,093,440)
  • YouthBuild USA, Somerville, MA ($8,840,914)
  • Young Men's Christian Association, San Francisco, CA ($7,129,327)
  • The Institute for Educational Leadership, Washington, DC ($3,496,766)
  • Nazarene Compassionate Ministries, Inc., Lenexa, KS ($3,251,170)
  • The Experience Corps, Washington, DC ($2,762,022).


Thursday, September 3, 2009 at 4:25 AM

Attorney General Holder Addresses White House Conference on Gang Violence Prevention


In remarks addressing the recent White Conference on Gang Violence Prevention and Crime Control, Attorney General Eric Holder commended Los Angeles' Summer Nights Light program, an initiative of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's Gang Reduction Program, as a "different innovative approach to crime fighting."

"Summer Night Lights, in partnership with community organizations, offers safe and healthy alternatives to crime and delinquency at night," the Attorney General reported. "It literally turns the lights on in parks where crimes often occur, and offers recreational, educational, and artistic activities instead. The program is an example of innovation upon innovation. The Department of Justice's Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention helped fund a pilot "Gang Reduction and Youth Development Zone" in the Boyle Heights area of East Los Angeles, and the City of Los Angeles reported that this program helped reduce gang violence in that area by 40 percent. Now the city runs 'zones' across the city and Summer Night Lights in 15 sites."


Attorney General Holder's remarks may be viewed at www.usdoj.gov/ag/speeches/2 009/ag-speech-090824.html.

For additional information about OJJDP's efforts to prevent gang involvement, visit ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/programs/antigang/i ndex.html.

Tuesday, September 1, 2009 at 4:28 AM

Report Assesses YouthBuild Youth Offender Grants


The U.S. Department of Labor's (DOL's) Employment and Training Administration has released the report "Evaluation of the YouthBuild Youth Offender Grants". The report summarizes findings from an implementation and outcomes evaluation of DOL's YouthBuild Youth Offender grants.

The evaluation consisted of two rounds of site visits in 2007 to each of the 34 grantees to examine their program designs and implementation, the characteristics of the participants they served, and the outcomes that they obtained.


"Evaluation of the YouthBuild Youth Offender Grants" is available online at: http://wdr.doleta.gov/research/FullText_Documents/Evaluation%20of%20the%20YouthBuild%20Youth%20Offender%20Grants%20-%20Final%20Report.pdf


Monday, August 24, 2009 at 10:32 AM

OJJDP Joins Initiative to Promote Afterschool Programs


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) is pleased to announce its support of the annual Lights On Afterschool initiative. Scheduled for October 22, 2009, this nationwide effort calls attention to the importance of afterschool programs and the resources needed to keep their lights on and doors open. More than 7,500 events will be held across America in schools, malls, and other venues.

Studies have shown that children participating in afterschool programs demonstrate increased school attendance and enhanced academic achievement. Afterschool programs also reduce juvenile offending, while promoting public safety and positive child development. Yet while millions of children take part in afterschool programs, millions more have no place to go after school.


To learn more about Lights On Afterschool, access planning tools, and register or attend your community's event, visit ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/lightson.

Monday, August 24, 2009 at 10:31 AM

OJJDP's National Youth Gang Center To Merge With National Gang Center


Since 1995, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's (OJJDP's) National Youth Gang Center has addressed issues involving juvenile gang members, featuring prevention and intervention efforts and promoting a comprehensive strategy to combat gangs.

On October 1, 2009, the National Youth Gang Center will merge with the National Gang Center, currently funded by the Office of Justice Programs' Bureau of Justice Assistance. The functions performed by the National Youth Gang Center will continue, but its incorporation into an expanded National Gang Center will leverage resources more efficiently, while enhancing OJJDP's response to the needs of researchers, practitioners, and the other concerned citizens.


Visit the National Gang Center Web site at www.nationalgangcenter.gov.

Monday, August 17, 2009 at 8:50 AM

Guide Seeks To Heal the Wounds of Children Exposed to Violence


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's Safe Start Center has published "Healing the Invisible Wounds: Children's Exposure to Violence."

The guide, which is available in English and Spanish, offers informative tips on how to recognize the signs of children's exposure to violence and helpful advice on helping children thus exposed.

Exposure to violence is a pervasive problem that crosses all ages, and the guide provides specifc information pertaining to children of various ages, as well as a list of useful resources.


"Healing the Invisible Wounds: Children's Exposure to Violence" and related resources, including a Quick Reference Guide, are available at www.safestartcenter.org.

Monday, August 3, 2009 at 3:31 AM

Manual Provides Assistance on Disproportionate Minority Contact


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention has released a new edition of its Disproportionate Minority Contact Technical Assistance Manual.

This fourth edition presents methods for calculating and analyzing disproportionate minority contact (DMC) and describes how jurisdictions may use data to facilitate informed decision making, multidisciplinary and collaborative approaches and partnerships, promising intervention strategies, performance measurement and evaluation.

The updated edition features new chapters on DMC data and intervention strategies for serving Hispanic youth in the juvenile justice system and the role of State DMC coordinators.


The latest edition of the Disproportionate Minority Contact Technical Assistance Manual is available at www.ncjrs.gov/html/ojjdp/dmctamanual/index.html.

Thursday, July 30, 2009 at 4:05 AM

2009 KIDS COUNT Data Book Now Available


CJCA is pleased to partner with the Annie E. Casey Foundation as a 2009 KIDS COUNT Outreach Partner. The 20th annual KIDS COUNT Data Book calls for improvements to the nation's ability to design and evaluate programs and policies aimed at the needs of children and families living in poverty. The 2009 KIDS COUNT Data Book is complemented by a new online and mobile-friendly Data Center (http://datacenter.kidscount.org) that contains hundreds of measures of child well-being covering national, state, county, and city informations. Visitors to the website can access customizable graphs and geographic profiles on education, economin well-being, the number of children in immigrant families, health, and many more topics.

Tuesday, July 28, 2009 at 6:33 AM

Kansas JJA Launches New Statistical Performance Application


The Kansas Juvenile Justice Authority (JJA) recently launched a new application for enhanced viewing of juvenile justice data and performance indicators for each of the state's judicial districts. JJA MAPS (Managed Administrative Performance Stats) includes data on 12 specific performance indicators that visitors can use to observe trends in local juvenile justice systems, make comparisons among judicial districts and assess the effectiveness of the system.

JJA MAPS allows visitors to create reports that include rankings, charts and the ability to export data to Excel. The new application creates a healthy competitive environment among community corrections partners and facilitates exchange of strategies and solutions for challenges shared by local systems.

Visit www.jja.ks.gov to explore JJA MAPS.

Tuesday, July 28, 2009 at 3:49 AM

Workshop Will Equip Participants To Evaluate Gender Responsive Programs


On October 28-30, 2009, in Chapel Hill, NC, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's Girls Study Group will conduct an Evaluation Technical Assistance Workshop. The workshop is designed to equip organizations to carry out rigorous evaluations of their gender responsive delinquency prevention and intervention programs designed specifically to meet the unique needs of girls.

The workshop will tailor instruction specifically to the needs of the participating programs. Each participant will leave the workshop with a customized practical plan with next steps for their program’s evaluation.

Programs that provide gender responsive delinquency prevention or interventions for girls and have some level of evaluation experience are eligible to apply for participation. Selected programs must commit to sending two staff members to the workshop. The Girls Study Group will cover the cost of lodging and meals. All other costs, including transportation, will be the responsibility of the participating programs.

The application deadline is August 17, 2009.


To obtain further information and apply online, visit girlsstudygroup.rti.org/dsp_workshop.cfm.

 The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention is a component of the Office of Justice Programs in the U.S. Department of Justice.

Monday, July 27, 2009 at 9:54 AM

New National Report: 1 in 11 Prisoners Serving a Life Sentence


   A new report released by The Sentencing Project finds a record 140,610 individuals are now serving life sentences in state and federal prisons, 6,807 of whom were juveniles at the time of the crime. In addition, 29% of persons serving a life sentence (41,095) have no possibility of parole, and 1,755 were juveniles at the time of the crime.
   No Exit: The Expanding Use of Life Sentences in America represents the first nationwide collection of life sentence data documenting race, ethnicity and gender. The report's findings reveal overwhelming racial and ethnic disparities in the allocation of life sentences: 66% of all persons sentenced to life are non-white, and 77% of juveniles serving life sentences are non-white.

Friday, July 24, 2009 at 4:25 AM

OMB Announces Recovery Act Reporting Webinars


The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the Recovery, Accountability, and Transparency Board have announced that Webinars will be held the week of July 20, 2009, to provide information on implementing the guidance set forth in OMB Memorandum M-09-21, Implementing Guidance for the Reports on Use of Funds Pursuant to the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, released on June 22, 2009. If you are unable to attend the sessions listed below, the Webinars will be posted on the Recovery.gov website to view at your convenience.

The Department of Justice's (DOJ) Office of Justice Programs (OJP) encourages its grantees receiving funding under the Recovery Act to participate in these Webinars. Also, please note that DOJ/OJP is developing a Webinar scheduled to be held in August 2009 that will address agency-specific issues related to Recovery Act reporting requirements. Further details on the DOJ/OJP-sponsored Webinar will be provided to our grantees in the near future.

Each OMB Webinar will focus on a major section of the guidance and the technology solution for central reporting. To register for an OMB Webinar session, please visit the Recovery Act Web site at http://www.recovery.gov/?q=node/658. Attendees are encouraged to register in advance for the live sessions as space will be limited.

Webinar Schedule

July 20, 2009

10:00 a.m.–12:00 p.m. Section 1 - General Information
2:00 p.m.–4:00 p.m. Section 2 - Basic Principles and Requirements of Recovery Act Recipient Reporting 
Section 5 - Reporting on Jobs Creation Estimates by Recipients
July 21, 2009

10:00 a.m.–12:00 p.m. Section 3 - Recipient Reporting Process
2:00 p.m.–4:00 p.m. Technology Solution from an Agency Perspective
July 22, 2009

10:00 a.m.–12:00 p.m. Technology Solution from a Prime Recipient Perspective
2:00 p.m.–4:00 p.m. Technology Solution from a Sub-Recipient Perspective
July 23, 2009

10:00 a.m.–12:00 p.m. Section 4 - Data Quality Requirements

The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention is a component of the Office of Justice Programs in the U.S. Department of Justice.

Tuesday, July 14, 2009 at 6:44 AM

OMB Issues Guidance for Recovery Act Reports


On June 22, 2009, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) issued "Implementing Guidance for the Reports on Use of Funds Pursuant to the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009." The guidance consists of 39 pages of questions and answers and two supplements. The first supplement is a list of programs subject to recipient reporting. The Department of Justice (DOJ) is working with OMB to correct inaccurate DOJ program listings. The second supplement is the Recipient Reporting Data Model. Questions regarding the requirements provided in the guidance should be addressed to OMB at recovery@omb.eop.gov.

OMB anticipates holding a series of Webinars in July concerning the reporting guidance. Staff from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) will participate in these Webinars, and OJJDP will keep JUVJUST subscribers informed as additional information becomes available. News will also be posted on OJJDP's Recovery Act page.


The three documents referenced above are available at the following links:

Access OJJDP's Recovery Act page at http://ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/recoveryact.html.


Thursday, July 2, 2009 at 8:26 AM

National Prison Rape Elimination Commission to Release Final Report Tomorrow


The National Prison Rape Elimination Commission releases its report and standards tomorrow, June 23.  Please log on to www.nprec.us Tuesday to view the report and standards.

Press Conference:
Tuesday, June 23, 2009, 10 a.m.
National Press Club
Holeman Lounge
529 14th Street NW, 13th Floor
Washington, DC 20045
To RSVP, please email your name and affiliation to abosquez@rabengroup.com.


Organizational Teleconference:

Tuesday, June 23, 2009, 3 p.m.
To RSVP, please email your name and affiliation to hgriffin@rabengroup.com.  Space is limited.  Call in details will be distributed to registered participants prior to the event.

Monday, June 22, 2009 at 6:40 AM

OJJDP Fact Sheets Provide Data on Juveniles in Court


OJJDP Fact Sheets Provide Data on Juveniles in Court

The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has released four fact sheets providing data derived from the report "Juvenile Court Statistics 2005."

In 2005, U.S. courts with juvenile jurisdiction handled 1.7 million delinquency cases. One third of these cases received probation as the most serious disposition, and 25 percent of these cases involved personal offenses. For every 1,000 petitioned juvenile cases, 8 were waived to criminal court.


"Delinquency Cases in Juvenile Court, 2005" is available online at http://www.ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=246504.

"Delinquency Cases Waived to Criminal Court, 2005" is available online at http://www.ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=246505.

"Juvenile Delinquency Probation Caseload, 2005" is available online at http://www.ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=246502.

"Person Offense Cases in Juvenile Court, 2005" is available online at http://www.ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=246503.

Friday, June 19, 2009 at 10:50 AM

Byrne Justice Assistance Grant Local Solicitation Deadline Extended


The Recovery Act Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Formula Program:  Local Solicitation deadline has been extended.  The new application deadline is 8:00 pm ET on June 17, 2009. 


The Bureau of Justice Assistance, a component of the Department of Justice’s Office of Justice Programs (OJP), established the previous deadline of May 18 to encourage early submission of applications in an effort to provide economic stimulus as soon as possible.  Because this is a non-competitive formula grant program, the extension of this deadline does not impact either eligibility or funding determinations.


 For information about this solicitation or other OJP programs, please visit www.ojp.gov or call OJP’s Office of Communications at 202-307-0703.


Tuesday, May 19, 2009 at 10:22 AM

OJJDP Announces FY 2009 Mentoring Initiatives


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has announced the following funding opportunities related to mentoring:


To obtain further information about the above and other current OJJDP solicitations, including eligibility criteria and application deadlines, visit http://ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/funding/FundingList.asp.

Wednesday, May 13, 2009 at 6:34 AM

OJJDP Bulletin Provides Juvenile Arrest Data for 2007


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has published "Juvenile Arrests 2007." The 12-page bulletin draws on data from the FBI's "Crime in the United States 2007" to analyze trends in juvenile arrests.

In 2007, U.S. law enforcement agencies made an estimated 2.18 million arrests of persons under age 18. There were 2 percent fewer juvenile arrests in 2007 than in 2006, and juvenile violent crime arrests declined 3 percent, reversing the modest upward trend over the previous two years.


"Juvenile Arrests 2007" (NCJ 225344) is available at http://ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=247324.

Print copies may be ordered online.

Thursday, April 30, 2009 at 11:21 AM

Coordinating Council Supports Shakespeare Projects for At-Risk Youth


The Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention has awarded grants to six theater companies to support performances and educational activities targeted to at-risk youth and youth involved in the juvenile justice system. The awardees are among 37 recipients of the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) 2009-2010 Shakespeare for a New Generation grants, which introduce middle and high school students to the power of live theater and the masterpieces of William Shakespeare.

Through a partnership between the Coordinating Council and the NEA, the following six theater companies were selected from among the NEA awardees to receive additional grants of $10,000-20,000:

  • Actors' Shakespeare Project (Somerville, MA)
  • California Shakespeare Theater (Berkeley, CA)
  • Hudson Valley Shakespeare Festival (Cold Spring, NY)
  • Kentucky Shakespeare Festival (Louisville, KY)
  • San Francisco Shakespeare Festival (San Francisco, CA)
  • Shakespeare & Company (Lenox, MA)

The Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention is an independent body within the executive branch of the federal government that coordinates federal juvenile delinquency prevention programs, federal programs, and activities that detain or care for unaccompanied juveniles, and federal programs relating to missing and exploited children. The Attorney General serves as chair and the Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention serves as vice chair.


To view the complete press release, visit http://www.nea.gov/news/news09/shakespeare-for-a-new-generation.html.

For more information about the Coordinating Council, visit http://www.juvenilecouncil.gov/.

Friday, April 24, 2009 at 10:14 AM

OJJDP Announces FY 2009 Funding Opportunities


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has announced the following funding opportunities:


To obtain further information about the above and other current OJJDP solicitations, including eligibility criteria and application deadlines, visit http://ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/funding/FundingList.asp.

Thursday, April 23, 2009 at 8:02 AM

Fact Sheet Highlights Youth Gang Survey


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) announces the availability of "Highlights of the 2007 National Youth Gang Survey." This 2-page fact sheet was prepared by OJJDP's National Youth Gang Center.

The fact sheet summarizes findings from the National Youth Gang Survey for 2007 and provides data on the number of gangs, gang members, and gang-related crime. Based on survey results, it is estimated that approximately 27,000 gangs and 788,000 gang members were active in the United States in 2007.


"Highlights of the 2007 National Youth Gang Survey" (NCJ 225185) is available online at http://www.ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=247164.

Monday, April 20, 2009 at 4:13 AM

New York Times editorial highlights JJDPA reauthorization


Click here to read the editorial.

Monday, April 13, 2009 at 6:40 AM

Governor Pat Quinn signed legislation to expand diversion program in Illinois


Click here to read the press release.

Wednesday, April 8, 2009 at 6:26 AM

APA Condemns Trying Juveniles in Adult Courts


Aaron Levin

APA's president insists that pre-teens charged with murder should not be handled by the adult criminal justice system, pointing out that many juveniles are too young to understand the consequences of their actions.

Children are not just short adults, even when they are accused of violent crimes. The question of whether young children should be tried as adults in capital cases arose again recently in cases from two states, prompting APA to issue a statement reiterating its opposition to trying juveniles in adult criminal courts.

In one case, a 9-year-old Arizona boy was charged with shooting his father and his father's housemate to death. In Pennsylvania, an 11-year-old boy stands accused of shooting his father's pregnant girlfriend, and prosecutors are weighing whether to try him as an adult.

The younger boy, who was 8 at the time of the crime in November 2008, avoided trial as an adult by pleading guilty to negligent homicide. Sentencing is pending, but the boy will remain under court supervision, and possibly in detention, until he turns 18.

"I was appalled by the fact that this child was allowed by his attorney and the judge to plead guilty in this case," said APA President Nada Stotland, M.D., in an interview with Psychiatric News. "Anyone can understand that a 9-year-old doesn't understand enough to make that decision."

Many juveniles do not comprehend the consequences of their actions, either when committing a crime or in entering a plea, nor do they understand their legal rights and the lasting impact of criminal conviction on their lives, said Stotland. In fact, the Arizona boy's plea has been criticized by some, including his mother, for just that reason. He had also been interrogated alone by police, violating another of Stotland's points, that young children should not be questioned by police or courts unless a parent or guardian is present.

"We need to be clear that not all bad behavior is related to a psychiatric disorder, but an accused child should be evaluated to rule it out," she said. Children who commit crimes are often the victims of neglect and abuse, said Stotland. In each case of young children accused of a violent crime, there should be an inquiry into the child's history and circumstances to determine whether signs of abuse, neglect, and/or psychiatric problems were overlooked until the alleged crime occurred. Treating these children as adults, especially by processing them through a criminal justice system designed to deal with adults accused of crimes, makes it harder for them to rebuild their lives.

The status of the two boys exemplifies the conflict between the punitive, adversarial view of young defendants that typified juvenile courts in the 1980s and 1990s and research showing that the brains of teenagers and young adults are not fully developed, leading to more impulsivity.

Juveniles aged 15 and younger are significantly more likely than older adolescents and young adults to be impaired in ways that compromise their ability to serve as competent defendants in criminal proceedings, the APA statement pointed out. Also, they should never be allowed to waive their right to an attorney.

Both boys were held initially in isolation in adult detention centers because juvenile and adult prisoners are not supposed to be housed together. APA believes that children should not be subjected to such isolation, a form of punishment that is likely to produce lasting psychiatric symptoms.

"Those who are ultimately incarcerated in adult jails are often the victims of violent assault and suicide and are 34 percent more likely to be rearrested than those retained in the juvenile system," Stotland noted.

The APA news release "Incarcerated Juveniles Belong in Juvenile Facilities" is posted Here.

Friday, April 3, 2009 at 7:52 AM

New York Times article highlights Missouri's juvenile system


Click here to read Solomon Moore's article, "Missouri System Treats Juvenile Offenders With Lighter Hand."

Friday, March 27, 2009 at 5:06 AM

JJDPA Reauthorization Bill Introduced in the Senate


The Act-4-JJ Campaign of the National Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Coalition (NJJDPC) reports that a strong JJDPA Reauthorization bill, S. 678, has been introduced today, March 24, 2009, by Senators Leahy, Specter, Kohl and Durbin. 

Click here to read the full text of S. 678.

Check the Act-4-JJ Campaign's website, www.act4jj.org for updates and information about the bill.

Thursday, March 26, 2009 at 12:00 PM

New Issue of Justice Research and Policy Now Available


New Issue Available at http://jrsa.metapress.com

This new issue of JRP includes articles on: the impact of Megan's Law; the utility of a new internal benchmarking strategy for racial profiling surveillance; recent changes in homicide and robbery rates and whether they indicate a "gathering storm" of violence; and a comparison of the National Violent Death Reporting System and the Supplementary Homicide Report.

Thursday, March 26, 2009 at 4:33 AM

Annual Report Describes OJJDP's Efforts on Behalf of Youth


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has released its 2008 Annual Report.

The report provides information on OJJDP's activities in fiscal year 2008 to promote early intervention and delinquency prevention, support faith-based and community organizations, expand mentoring, improve the juvenile justice system, ensure public safety, curb child exploitation, combat youth gangs, and serve tribal youth. The report concludes with an overview of the Office's information dissemination efforts.


To access OJJDP's 2008 Annual Report, visit http://www.ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=247013

Thursday, March 26, 2009 at 4:31 AM

Time Magazine article focuses on juvenile justice


Click here to access Ken Stier's article, "Getting the Juvenile-Justice System to Grow Up."

Wednesday, March 25, 2009 at 4:47 AM

OJP To Receive More Than $2.76 Billion Under Recovery Act


Laurie Robinson, Acting Assistant Attorney General (AAG) for the Office of Justice Programs (OJP), has reported that OJP will receive more than $2.76 billion under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act), which includes $147.5 million to be administered by OJJDP.

Assistance available through the Recovery Act will include the following:
  • $2 billion for the Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant Program to support a broad range of activities to prevent and control crime and improve the criminal justice system.

  • $225 million for the Edward Byrne Competitive Grant Program to help communities address targeted needs. This includes $97.5 million for mentoring initiatives to be administered by OJJDP.

  • $225 million for assistance to tribal law enforcement (construction of jails on tribal lands).

  • $125 million for rural law enforcement to prevent and combat drug-related crime.

  • $30 million for law enforcement along the Southern Border and in High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas.

  • $50 million for Internet Crimes Against Children initiatives.

  • $100 million for victim compensation and assistance.
For additional information about OJP funding under the Recovery Act, visit http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/recovery.
Information about OJJDP funding is available at http://ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/recoveryact.html.

Monday, March 23, 2009 at 5:47 AM

Webinars to Discuss Privacy Laws' Impact on Juvenile Information Sharing


The Information Sharing To Prevent Juvenile Delinquency Project, a program of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) will conduct a 2-part series of free Webinars designed to enable juvenile justice and other youth service professionals to explore information privacy protections provided in Federal and state laws and model state legislation.


To obtain further information about these Webinars and register online, visit http://www.juvenileis.org/webinar.asp.

Questions may be addressed to Jennifer Mankey at the Center for Network Development at jennifer.mankey@thecnd.org or 303-893-6898, extension13.

Tuesday, March 17, 2009 at 3:50 AM

Attorney General Announces Recovery Act Allocations for Byrne Justice Assistance Grant Program


On March 6, 2009, the U.S. Department of Justice issued the following press release:

Washington - U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder joined President Obama in Columbus, Ohio today at the Columbus Police Graduation Exercises to announce $2 billion in Recovery Act 2009 funding allocations for state and local law enforcement and criminal justice assistance available through the Edward Byrne Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program. In January, 25 Columbus police recruits learned that they would be let go rather than sworn-in; but because of Recovery Act JAG funds these police officers will keep their jobs protecting their community.

"This funding is key to helping our states and local governments fight crime and keep our streets safe," said Attorney General Holder. "The Department of Justice is moving ahead of schedule to allocate these resources so we can retain police officers, enhance law enforcement capabilities, and ensure that we have the tools and equipment necessary to build safer communities."

JAG Program funds can be used for a variety of efforts such as hiring law enforcement officers; supporting drug and gang task forces; funding crime prevention and domestic violence programs; and supporting courts, corrections, treatment, and justice information sharing initiatives. The breakdown of JAG allocations for states, territories, and units of local government can be viewed here: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/BJA/recoveryJAG/recoveryallocations.html.

The procedure for allocating JAG grants is based on a formula of population and violent crime statistics, in combination with a minimum allocation to ensure that each state and territory receives an appropriate share of funding. Sixty percent of the allocation is awarded directly to a state and 40 percent is set aside for units of local government. Funding will be used by states and more than 5,000 local communities to enhance their ability to protect communities and combat crime.

The Recovery Act includes more than $4 billion overall to assist state, local and tribal law enforcement and for other criminal justice activities that help to prevent crime and improve the criminal justice system in the United States while supporting the creation of jobs and much needed resources for states and local communities.


For further information about JAG funding available under the Recovery Act, visit http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/BJA/recoveryact.html.

For information on OJJDP Recovery Act funding opportunities, visit http://ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/recoveryact.html. Solicitations will be announced on JUVJUST.

Wednesday, March 11, 2009 at 4:31 AM

Eight States Selected by Robert Wood Johnson Foundation for NASHP administered national program Maximizing Enrollment for Kids


The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) today announced the launching of  the Maximizing Enrollment for Kids program and named the eight state grantees competitively selected for the program. This $15 million, four-year initiative aims to increase enrollment and retention of eligible children in public health insurance programs like the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) and Medicaid. Under the direction of the National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP), which serves as the national program office for Maximizing Enrollment for Kids, the program will help states strengthen their systems, policies, and procedures  to maximize enrollment of eligible children.


More than 9 million of the nation's children are uninsured, and as many as 6 million of these are eligible for either Medicaid or SCHIP but not enrolled. In an effort to significantly increase the ranks of children with health coverage, Maximizing Enrollment for Kids will provide funding and technical support to eight states which were selected from among applicants from over the half the states. The program will also measure the impact of these changes, and will share findings nationwide throughout the four-year initiative.
Eight state agencies designated by their respective governors have been awarded up to $1 million, plus technical assistance, as part of this four-year initiative. The states to participate as Maximizing Enrollment grantees include: Alabama, Illinois, Louisiana, Massachusetts, New York, Utah, Virginia, and Wisconsin.   For more information, go to the newly updated program website,  www.maxenroll.org.

Thursday, February 19, 2009 at 6:04 AM

FACJJ Issues 2008 Annual Report


The Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice (FACJJ) has issued its 2008 Annual Report to the President and Congress..

Established under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (JJDP) Act, the role of FACJJ is to advise the President and Congress on matters related to juvenile justice and delinquency prevention, to advise the Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention on the work of OJJDP, and to evaluate the progress and accomplishments of juvenile justice activities and projects.

The report addresses significant issues facing our nation's juvenile justice system. Primary among its concerns, FACJJ urges reauthorization of the JJDP Act.


To access this and other FACJJ Annual Reports, visit http://www.facjj.org/annualreports.html.

For further information about the Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice, visit http://www.facjj.org.

Thursday, February 12, 2009 at 8:07 AM

OJJDP Bulletin Examines Juvenile Suicide in Confinement


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has published "Characteristics of Juvenile Suicide in Confinement."

This bulletin draws on data from the first national survey of suicides of youth in confinement, which was sponsored by OJJDP, to review juvenile suicides that occurred in confinement between 1995 and 1999. It describes the demographic characteristics and social history of the victims and examines the characteristics of the facilities in which the suicides occurred.

A more comprehensive account of the survey and its findings may be found in the online report "Juvenile Suicide in Confinement: A National Survey."


"Characteristics of Juvenile Suicide in Confinement" (NCJ 214434) is available at http://www.ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=235973.

Print copies may be ordered at http://www.ncjrs.gov/app/publications/alphaList.aspx. For quick access, search by document number.

To access the online report, visit http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/213691.pdf.

Monday, February 9, 2009 at 9:45 AM

Cancellation of CJCA Winter Business Meeting


Last week, the CJCA Executive Board held its annual retreat in St. Petersburg, FL and voted to cancel the March Winter Business Meeting in Orlando.   This is solely due to the serious budget constraints and related challenges faced by juvenile corrections agencies all over the country that is prohibiting most directors from traveling out-of-state.   The board regrets any inconvenience this may cause.


To keep CJCA issues moving and members connected, the CJCA Regional Representatives below are working to hold regional meetings in the Spring.  Look for more information on this.

CJCA Northeast Region Representative - Vinny Schiraldi, District of Columbia

CJCA South Region Representative - Steve Hornsby, Tennessee

CJCA Midwest Region Representative - Tim Decker, Missouri

CJCA West Region Representative - Dan Maldonado, Utah

Please mark your calendar to attend the CJCA Summer Business Meeting Aug. 7-9 in Nashville and of course the gala event of the year, CJCA’s 15th Anniversary celebration Sept. 30- Oct. 2 in Chicago, part of the CJCA Leadership Conference sponsored by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), US Department of Justice.

Tuesday, February 3, 2009 at 4:12 AM

Wisconsin Governor's Juvenile Justice Committee Endorses Returning 17-Year-Olds to the Juvenile System


The Wisconsin Governor's Juvenile Justice Commission has unanimously endorsed returning 17-year-olds to the juvenile justice system.  Following a presentation by Wisconsin Council on Children and Families (WCCF), Wisconsin County Human Services Association (WCHSA), and the Sheriff's Association, the Committee took up the issue formally for the first time in December.  In their statement regarding age of jurisdiction, the Commission endorsed the following conclusions and recommendations:


 -The Commission supports legislation that would raise the age of general adult criminal jurisdiction to 18 as the sole modification of Chapter 938.

-The Commission endorses a balanced approach to juvenile justice.

-The Commission recommends that this change be contingent on the provision of sufficient fiscal resources to the affected entities.


The full statement by the Commission, including their reasoning for endorsing the change and more specifics on their conclusions and recommendations, can be found at the WCCF website:



This is the second Governor's Commission to endorse returning 17-year-olds to the juvenile justice system.  The Governor's Commission on Reducing Racial Disparities in the Wisconsin Justice System endorsed this policy change last February.


Monday, February 2, 2009 at 6:10 AM

Jeff Slowikowski Designated Acting Administrator of OJJDP


Jeff Slowikowski was designated Acting Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) by President Barack Obama on January 20, 2009.

Mr. Slowikowski has served as Associate Administrator of OJJDP's Demonstration Programs Division since May 2004. Under his direction, the division manages a variety of grants that support demonstration, research, evaluation, and training and technical assistance programs, including drug court, gang, juvenile violence, mentoring, reentry, tribal youth, truancy, and underage drinking initiatives. Mr. Slowikowski was instrumental in the development and implementation of the performance measure system that assesses the efficacy of programs funded by OJJDP.

Mr. Slowikowski joined OJJDP in August 1990 under the Presidential Management Intern Program. From 1990 to 2003, he served in the Research and Program Development Division, as a Program Manager and, subsequently, as Deputy Director. Since joining OJJDP, Mr. Slowikowski has led the development and management of several demonstration and research projects, including the Comprehensive Strategy for Serious, Violent, and Chronic Juvenile Offenders and the Evaluation of the Partnerships To Reduce Juvenile Gun Violence. He also worked closely with the Department of Justice's Office of Community Oriented Policing Services to develop a Youth Focused Community Policing Program.

Mr. Slowikowski earned his Bachelor of Science Degree in Criminal Justice from the University of Baltimore in 1987 and a Graduate Certificate in Police Administration and Master of Public Administration from the University of Baltimore in 1990.

Monday, February 2, 2009 at 5:51 AM

OJJDP Bulletin Describes Protective Factors in Girls' Delinquency


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has published "Resilient Girls—Factors that Protect Against Delinquency."

Part of OJJDP's Girls Study Group series, the bulletin describes how four factors (the presence of a caring adult, school connectedness, school success, and religiosity) influence girls' propensity for delinquent behavior.


"Resilient Girls—Factors that Protect Against Delinquency" is available online at http://www.ojjdp.ncj rs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=241923.

Monday, January 12, 2009 at 1:58 PM

2008 CJCA Yearbook Survey DLC


The 2008 CJCA Yearbook Survey Distance Learning Call will be presented on Monday, January 12, 2009 at 10:00AM and 3:00PM EST. The presentation and PowerPoint covers Yearbook Survey timeline, application functionality, and a review of survey questions. The conference call information is presented on the opening slide.  Download the presentation here

Friday, January 9, 2009 at 3:31 AM

NCJJ Report Provides Juvenile Court Statistics


The National Center for Juvenile Justice has published "Juvenile Court Statistics 2005." The report, developed with funding from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), describes delinquency cases between 1985 and 2005 and petitioned status offense cases between 1995 and 2005 handled by U.S. courts with juvenile jurisdiction.


"Juvenile Court Statistics 2005" is available online, via OJJDP's Statistical Briefing Book, at http://ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/ojstatbb/publications/StatBBAbstract.asp?BibID=246588.

Friday, January 9, 2009 at 2:58 AM

OJJDP Bulletin Describes Juvenile Residential Facilities


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has published "Juvenile Residential Facility Census, 2004: Selected Findings." Prepared by the National Center for Juvenile Justice, this bulletin provides data on facilities in which juvenile offenders are held, such as their size, structure, type, ownership, security arrangements, and the range of services they provide youth in their care. In 2004, this biannual census focused on educational and physical health services.


"Juvenile Residential Facility Census, 2004: Selected Findings" is available at http://ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=244623.

Monday, January 5, 2009 at 2:34 PM

NDTAC Focusing On Family Involvement in the Juvenile Justice System


This month and next, NDTAC is focusing on the critical issue of family involvement in the juvenile justice system. We are pleased to announce the publication of A Family Guide to Getting Involved With Correctional Education, a new resource designed to assist juvenile justice stakeholders with promoting family participation and familiarizing parents with the process of becoming involved with their child’s education in a facility setting.

Tuesday, December 23, 2008 at 5:53 AM

Fall 2008 Justice Policy Journal


Check out the newest issue of the Justice Policy Journal, CJCJ’s Premiere Online Academic Journal at http://www.cjcj.org/justicepolicyjournal

Just released, the Fall 2008 issue has 6 articles covering a variety of topics:

1.    Guns and Homicide: Is the Instrument-Focused Approach to Deterrence Efficacious?
James M. La Valle

2.    Racial Disproportionality in the American Prison Population: Using the Blumstein Method to Address the Critical Race and Justice Issue of the 21st Century
Brett E. Garland, Cassia Spohn, and Eric J. Wodahl

3.    Guards or Guardians? A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis of Parenting Styles in Juvenile Correctional Programs
Susan Guarino-Ghezzi and Christopher Tirrell

4.    Criminal History on a “Need To Know” Basis: Employment Policies that Eliminate the Criminal History Box on Employment Applications
Jessica S. Henry

5.    Alternative to Incarceration
John F. Frana and Ryan D. Schroeder

6.    Another Emerging ‘Storm’: Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans with PTSD in the Criminal Justice System
William B. Brown

Tuesday, December 23, 2008 at 5:45 AM

OJJDP Bulletin Portrays Domestic Assaults by Juveniles


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has published "Domestic Assaults by Juvenile Offenders." Prepared by the National Center for Juvenile Justice, this 8-page bulletin analyzes data reported to the FBI's National Incident-Based Reporting System by law enforcement agencies.

The bulletin provides a detailed portrait of the attributes of domestic assaults by juveniles known to law enforcement, including their locations, times of day, and the weapons involved.


"Domestic Assaults by Juvenile Offenders" is available online at http://ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=240971.

Thursday, December 4, 2008 at 8:26 AM